International Defence Exhibition and Seminar

5th International Exhibitionand Seminal 2008

Arms for Peace

Altering the Security Paradigm at Global and Regional Levels

24 to 28 November 2008


The South Asian Strategic Stability Institute (SASSI) in collaboration with DEPO (Defence Export Promotion Organisation) arranged a seminar on “Altering Security Paradigm at Global and Regional levels” at the fifth. International Defence Exhibition and Seminar 2008 held November 24 to 28th 2008 in Karachi, Pakistan.

Maria Sultan, Director of SASSI in her opening remarks, said that the concept of security has undergone a transformation, which has impacted upon the nature and dynamic of warfare alongside the ability of governments and states to deal with the challenge. The 21st century has changed the concept of security as well as affected the nature and dynamic of warfare. The defence needs of the state have been influenced by the nature of threat and the states ability to respond to the threat. Further, she elaborated that the future belongs to global commerce, intertwined with a need of developing security and promoting defence industrial cooperation to support the larger aim of peace and stability.


Ch Ahmad Mukhtar, Defence Minister of Pakistan who

was the chief guest at the occasion said that “The Global

War against terror and Pakistan’s role as a frontline state

has unfortunately placed Pakistan in the forefront of global

dynamics of terrorism as we fight this war in an effort to

bring security to the global order”





Major General Muhammad Farooq in his welcome address

Director General Defence Export Promotion Organization

said that “the increasing cost of research and development and

production, level of technological innovations and the

availability of the dual use technologies propel nations to opt

for joint venture for production of defence systems and equipment.”



Dr Parvez Iqbal Cheema who has been the Director General of Islamabad Policy Research Institute since 2000, highlighted in his paper the exact difference between those engage in fighting for their freedom and those employing terrorist methods for certain objectives. Understanding this difference is important since there is no consensus on the definition of terrorism. Highlighting the tragedy of 9/11 and Pakistan’s role in the GWoT he maintained that the country had to face certain repercussions; to name one, massive influx of Afghan refugees created a number of problems including the introduction of drugs and lawlessness. He further emphasized a point that the need to highlight the exact difference between those engaged in fighting for their freedom and those employing terrorist methods for certain objectives could not be under-emphasized. His paper briefly defined terrorism initially and then discussed some important international developments before focusing on the impact of war on terror on Pakistan. In the final section of his paper, he described Pakistan’s contributions in the ongoing war on terror.

Dr. Cheema’s Paper PDF Document

Professor Zhou Rong, bureau chief of daily Juang Ming, Islamabad, asserted that China believed in fair, rational and comprehensive arms control and disarmament, and opposes double standards whereby it supports non-proliferation policies on one hand while also respecting the right of every country to independent or collective self defense. He stressed that the paradox in US security policy is striking. Prof. Zhou Rong‘s paper highlighted the “China’s attitude towards the disarmament.”
He said that Chinese government highly stresses the importance of arms control and disarmament work and takes it as an important component of its overall diplomacy and defence policy. The Chinese government holds that the international community should promote fair, rational, comprehensive and balanced arms control and disarmament. The purpose of disarmament should be to reinforce, not weaken or undermine the security of all countries; universality of the international arms control treaties should be enhanced. China’s state policy (enshrined in Chinese law) with regards to conventional arms, including missile exports. In addition, china strictly adheres to three export principles:.
1) The weapons exported must be meant for legitimate self-defence (beneficial to the recipient’s defense capability)

2) The weapons must contribute to regional stability (beneficial to regional stability and peace)
3) The weapons must not be intended for interference in another country’s internal affairs (no interference in the internal affairs of the recipient’s country by means of military supply)
4) Assisting the recipient country’s self-defence capability
5) Not damaging to regional or global stability
6) Non-interference in the recipient country’s internal affair.

He further explained China’s policy on the control of the export of sensitive materials and military equipment and US policy on arms control. Recently Bush administration has decided to sell 6.7 billion dollars conventional arms to Taiwan. Since September 11, 2001, the US has established military ties with more countries around the world. He also emphasized the French policy on arms exports. Zhou’s paper is based on three main principles:
a) China always follows the UN charter to ensure that the export of conventional weapons adhere to strict criteria.
b) The US should consider the criteria that the rest of the world uses for the export of conventional weapons to ensure parity, certainty and objectivity.
c) There should be international standards which all countries involved in the export of conventional weaponry are forced to adhere to.

Mr Mustafa Egeli is a group manager, Industrial Corporation, HAVELSOL, Turkey. He mainly focused on essential elements of smart procurement as part of defense industry cooperation, benefits of industrial cooperation. Furthermore, he emphasized the increasing number of bilateral or multilateral defense industrial cooperation among developed and developing countries mainly due to security and economic reasons. He also highlighted the global financial and economic crises of 2008 may oblige the nations to utilize their own resources more efficiently in the recent years. He focused on the challenges and defence industry weakeness and furthermore the developing countries industrial complexes are mostly based on production under license. Mr. Egeli’s PowerPoint PDF

Mr Fabrizio Giulianinis who is the executive group director sales and business development and MD, MBDA, Italy, focused on adjusting defense industry to the demands of Global War on Terrorism and asymmetric warfare with minimal effects on its production capability or capacity for the conventional warfare. Mr. Fabrizio spoke on globalization of the defense industry and the challenges posed for mutual defense industrial cooperation confronting developed and developing countries highlighting opportunities of mutual benefits of joint ventures, collaborations and outsourcing. His paper mainly focuses on unconventional Warfare, main missions, in key drivers he explained the Quick action ( Decision loop ), Precision effect and controlled lethality, Operational superiority in urban combat, Low collateral damage, Avoid saturation, Easy deployment, Theatre superiority, new trends for R&D and Product developments strengthen C4I, in which he explains the Creation / adaptation of appropriate Defence Systems, principal MBDA solutions against unconventional warfare, MBDA solutions against conventional threats, and MBDA solutions on C4I against unconventional warfare. He further emphasized that the conventional Defence Industry is fully capable of adapting its products to the evolving requirements and the understanding of the operational needs, the mastering of technologies, the quick reactivity.
Pakistan and MBDA always have had good cooperation history through Mistral, SPADA, SM39 and Milan. MBDA is convinced to perpetuate this cooperation ensuring good quality and efficient solutions also against unconventional warfare.

Mr Fabrizio Giulianini‘s PowerPoint PDF

Mr. Tim Kennedy, the President of Strategic Policy Group, Virginia, USA, highlighted the importance of the network-centric warfare and described that the future of warfare required to be altered in view of meeting the asymmetric challenge. He said create an electronic surveillance grid that overlays the battle space. While focusing on the conduct of psychological operations, he asserted that winning hearts and minds during post conflict stability operations is imperative. It is important to influence the indigenous opinion makers. He emphasized the Information Warfare (IW), that “Any action taken during all forms of conflict, to achieve information superiority over the adversary by adversely affecting his information and information systems while protecting one's own information and information systems.” In addition, the Changing warfare/Evolving Technologies, IW Defense Focused on Physical Security, Command and Control Warfare (C2W), Network-Centric Operations (NCO), Using information technology to link dispersed troops with commanders, Linkage creates an “information network” which translates into a competitive war fighting advantage.

Seminar Photographs

Ch Ahmad Mukhtar Defence Minister of Pakistan with Joint Chief

SASSI Staff with Defence Minister Ch Ahmad Mukhtar

Ch Ahmad Mukhtar, Defence Minister and SASSI Team at Seminar

Major General Muhammad Farooq

SASSI Team with Pakistan Army


Maria Sultan, Director SASSI



SASSI Profile

The South Asian Strategic Stability Institute (SASSI) is an independent think tank dedicated to promoting peace and stability in South Asia. The South Asian Strategic Stability Institute takes a multi-disciplinary approach focused on strategic stability, aimed at bringing together the various streams of thought from the social and natural sciences, the policy makers and academia.








Director: Ms. Maria Sultan

Programme Manager: Mr Nick Robson

Tel no: 0845 003 0864